Glücksspiele, manchmal auch als Hasardspiele (veraltet Hazardspiele) (von französisch In Folge ist der Zufallseinfluss bei Backgammon relativ niedriger als bei In this way, the pathological gambler, rather than the process of gambling. Download Backgammon - Offline and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad and The games do not offer "real money gambling" or an opportunity to. As an immensely popular game throughout the years, Backgammon has recently become a popular online-gambling activity for many Internet gamers. <
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Backgammon Gambling Navigation menu VideoHow To Use The Doubling Cube in Backgammon
Lesen Sie mehr Гber diese Boni weiter Backgammon Gambling auf dieser Seite. - Backgammon at Home & OnlineWird geladen…. Backgammon is always played for a certain amount of money ‘per (scoring) point’. It might be $1 a point, it might be $25 a point, and it might even be $ a point. As with all gaming, the stakes are up to the players. Gammons and Backgammons. This is one of the oldest board games in existence, and it’s still played all over the world today. Many people play the game purely for entertainment purposes, but gambling on backgammon is also very common. The objective in backgammon is to get all 15 of your game pieces (or “checkers”) off the board before your opponent. To play backgammon on casino sites in the original way it was intended, choose the standard format. In this form, you’ll play a digitized version which looks and feels much like playing a video game. Many people play the game purely for entertainment purposes, but gambling on backgammon is also very common. The objective in backgammon is to get all 15 of your game pieces (or “checkers”) off the board before your opponent. It’s a combination of skill and luck, as you have your choice of moves based on the roll of two dice. Backgammon is one of the most well-suited games for betting online because the game itself facilitates betting real money on the outcome. In recent times, the internet has seen a surge of interest in backgammon betting online. One advantage to online backgammon betting is that skill plays a large role in the outcome of any single backgammon match. Gambling. When backgammon is played for money, the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop. The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is a classic board game that you can play online for free or real money, and we've created this guide to help you play like a pro.
The defendant in the case was Ted Barr, a backgammon tournament director. Backgammon, on the other hand, is entirely transparent.
The board is in front of you, and both players have the same information to work with, as well as identical starting points.
Therefore, the conclusion was that he was not promoting illegal gambling. The s ushered in the era of backgammon tournaments, allowing international players to compete against each other in an official setting.
Although some reports reference Las Vegas as the site of the first tournament in , Obolensky put together the inaugural competition in in the Bahamas.
It was a red-carpet experience with celebrities and royal guests. In , though, American Tim Holland captured the World title in widespread competition and retained it until Fast forward to the modern day, and the World Championship is still a big deal.
At the time of writing , the next one is due to take place in Monte Carlo, Monaco. Experienced players will be looking to unseat the champion, Didier Assaraf from France.
The World Champion Backgammon schedule includes Senior events, Super Jackpot, Speedgammon, Juniors Tournaments, the Ladies World Championship, High Roller Jackpots, and other side events.
You can easily see how backgammon is not just a game that sits in the back of your closet. The set-up for backgammon is a compact one.
The players will sit across from each other, and one player will move the pieces clockwise from right to left. The other player will move counterclockwise from left to right.
Before we get into the moves and actual gameplay, there are a few other essential things to consider. Whoever rolls the highest number is the first to move.
That player uses the combination of the roll-off as the first play. Remember, the objective is to clear the board of your checkers while your opponent still has at least one remaining.
The doubling cube not only ups the gambling stakes, but is a tool for players to further showcase their strategy and skills by adding a new component to the game.
A regular game is worth one point. So, keeping in mind the one-point start, a doubling cube is used to indicate the current value of the game and always starts at one.
The way that it works is that a player who feels he or she has a commanding lead in the game and is confident in an ultimate win may challenge the opponent to a double-up.
If the point value is still set at one, doubling raises the stakes to two points for the game-winner. Control of the doubling cube allows the opponent the opportunity to issue a new double-up challenge if, at some point, he or she feels confident in taking over the lead.
If no double-up challenge has yet to be issued during a game, either player can prompt one. The Crawford Rule is used in Backgammon Tournament Play.
The player is now at one point from an overall victory. Players often use mental calculation techniques to determine pip counts in live play.
Backgammon is played in two principal variations, "money" and "match" play. Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not.
The format has a significant effect on strategy. In a match, the objective is not to win the maximum possible number of points, but rather to simply reach the score needed to win the match.
For example, a player leading a 9-point match by a score of 7—5 would be very reluctant to turn the doubling cube, as their opponent could take and make a costless redouble to 4, placing the entire outcome of the match on the current game.
Conversely, the trailing player would double very aggressively, particularly if they have chances to win a gammon in the current game.
In money play, the theoretically correct checker play and cube action would never vary based on the score.
In , Emmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon.
In their idealized version, the probability of winning varies randomly over time by Brownian motion , and there are no gammons or backgammons.
To reduce the possibility of cheating, most good quality backgammon sets use precision dice and a dice cup. Online cheating has therefore become extremely difficult.
In State of Oregon v. Barr , a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Early Muslim scholars forbade backgammon. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes.
Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. The competition remained in Las Vegas until , when it moved to Paradise Island in the Bahamas.
In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined.
By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players.
Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe and aired on Eurosport. The World Backgammon Association WBA  has been holding the biggest backgammon tour on the circuit since , the "European Backgammon Tour"  EBGT.
In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is sometimes available in casinos.
Before the commercialization of artificial neural network programs, proposition bets on specific positions were very common among backgammon players and gamblers.
The game is included in Clubhouse Games: 51 Worldwide Classics for the Nintendo Switch , a collection of tabletop games. Backgammon software has been developed not only to play and analyze games, but also to facilitate play between humans over the internet.
Dice rolls are provided by random or pseudorandom number generators. Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options,  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
The first strong computer opponent was BKG 9. It was written by Hans Berliner in the late s on a DEC PDP as an experiment in evaluating board game positions.
Early versions of BKG played badly even against poor players, but Berliner noticed that its critical mistakes were always at transitional phases in the game.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls. In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks.
TD-Gammon , developed by Gerald Tesauro of IBM , was the first of these programs to play near the expert level.
Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play. Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players.
The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
Neural network research has resulted in three modern proprietary programs , JellyFish,  Snowie  and eXtreme Gammon,  as well as the shareware BGBlitz  and the free software GNU Backgammon.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training.
Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice. For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. The history of backgammon can be traced back nearly 5, years to its origins in Mesopotamia modern-day Iraq.
The Royal Game of Ur from BCE may also be an ancestor or intermediate of modern-day table games like backgammon.
It used tetrahedral dice. Various other other board games spanning from the 10th to 7th centuries BCE have been found throughout modern day Iraq, Syria, Egypt and western Iran.
Today the game in various forms continues to be commonly played in Iraq, Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan throughout the Arab world.
In the modern Arab Levant and Iraq, the game is commonly called tawle , which means table. This may represent a shared name origin with the Roman or Byzantine variant of the game.
It is also commonly referred to by shesh besh shesh meaining six in Hebrew , Aramaic and Northwest Semitic , and besh meaning five in Turkish , amongst Arabs as well as by some Kurdish, Persian and Turkish speakers.
Shesh Besh is commonly used to refer to when a player scores a 5 and 6 at the same time on dice. An older game resembling backgammon may have also been played in the easternmost part of the prehistoric Iranian plateau , far from Mesopotamia.
The rules of this game, like others found in Egypt, have yet to be deciphered. It is however made from ebony, a material more likely to be found in the Indian subcontinent which indicates such board games may be more widespread than once thought.
In the 11th century Shahnameh , the Persian poet Ferdowsi credits Burzoe with the invention of the tables game nard in the 6th century. He describes an encounter between Burzoe and a Raja visiting from India.
The Raja introduces the game of chess , and Burzoe demonstrates nard , played with dice made from ivory and teak.
Murray details many versions of backgammon; modern Nard is noted there as being the same as backgammon and maybe dating back to — AD in the Babylonian Talmud,  although others believe the Talmud references the Greek race game Kubeia.
Iranologist Touraj Daryaee , Chair of Persian Studies at U. Irvine, on the first written mention of earlier variants of backgammon—writes:.
The use of dice for the game is another indication of its Indic origin since dice and gambling were a favorite pastime in ancient India.
According to the historical legend, the Indian king Dewisarm sends his minister Taxritos to Persia with the game of chess , and a letter challenging Sasanian King Khosrow I to solve the riddle or rationale for the game.
Khosrow asks for three days to decipher the game, but initially, no-one in the court is able to make any progress.
On the third day, Khosrow's minister, Wuzurgmihr, successfully rises and explains the logic of the game. As a reciprocal challenge, Wuzurgmihr constructs the game of backgammon and delivers it to the Indian king who is unable to decipher the game.
There are two games of nardi commonly played:. Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board. In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point.
Below, you can find some useful information and advice on gambling at Backgammon in all its various forms. Before you put up your own cash in a game of Backgammon make sure you are a competent player.
You can find what you need to know about gameplay on backgammon-play. Online Backgammon Gambling Websites offering games of Backgammon against a real human opponent are a great way to play Backgammon without having to travel to a tournament or club.
These sites offer free games without having to gamble money, so you can get a handle on the software and gameplay.
Once you're happy with playing online you can put up your own money in competitive play. The website running the game will take a "rake" which is a small percentage of the cash winnings in return for providing the software and opportunity to play.
There are many thousands of players online at any time so you will have no trouble finding a game. Most sites offer rankings which give an indication of the level of expertise individual players have.
So if you're new, you should be able to have a fair crack at a game. A backgammon will win you 12 points! The Macau government will spend the rest of spreading its responsible gambling message to WGM concludes our three-part series on the complex yet fascinating game of pai gow.
Pai gow is a WGM continues with Part 2 of a three part series on the game of Pai Gow in which we look at pairs Written by Pai Yao.
Gammons and Backgammons Usually, when the winning player bears off his fifteenth and last counter, his opponent has already born off at least some counters too.
The doubling cube At the start of the 20th century a Russian noble, the Grand Duke Dmitri, invented the doubling cube.
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